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> Topics > CULTURE > Ukrainian the cossacks are in Tavriya

Ukrainian the cossacks are in Tavriya.

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As a matter of fact, the Ukrainian Cossacks arisen in Tavriya. More precisely, in Northern Tavriya – there where the Wild field of Turkic nomads bordered the settled world of east Slavs. They were mentioned in written sources dated by 1492. Yes, in a year of discovering of America by Columbus Cossacks impudently attacked the Turkish boat at a fortress of Tyagin at the bottom of the Dnepr. That event also was marked in 1992 as 500-years anniversary of the Ukrainian Cossacks. In honour of that date a monument to the saint patron of Cossacks Michael Archangel was built at a modern Kherson village Tyaginka.

The Cossacks (Russian: Каза́ки, Kazaki, Ukrainian: Коза́ки, Kozaky) are a traditional community of people living in the southern steppe regions of Eastern Europe (primarily Ukraine and southern Russia) and Asian Russia. They are famous for their self-reliance and military skills, particularly horsemanship. "Cossack" may also refer to a member of a Cossack military unit. Originally Cossacks were runaway Ruthenian peasants who escaped Polish and Russian feudal pressure and settled in the southern steppes.

Different Cossack groups are identified with different hosts, or regions. The Cossacks of the Don, Terek and Ural hosts, as well as areas of Siberia (such as the Baikal Cossacks) are the best known. Cossacks first became widely known in western Europe in the mid-17th century as a result of the great revolt of Bohdan Khmelnytsky and the Zaporozhians against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in what is now Ukraine, which shook the geopolitical foundations of eastern Europe.

Their numbers grew during late medieval times, joined by numerous Russian and Ukrainian serfs fleeing from their owners. Eventually Cossacks became guardians of ethnic and state boundaries. In the 19th century Cossacks in Europe became known for the numerous Wars with Russia and contributed to the stereotypical portrayal of Russia. Cossacks served in the Russian regular army in various wars throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. During the Russian Civil War they fought for both the Red Army and White Army. The Don Cossack Host were one of the main military forces resisting the Bolsheviks. Cossack military regiments were, however, reformed prior to the Second World War. Currently in Russia, Cossacks are seen as either ethnic descendants or by their active military service and often both. The latter category was listed as a separate group in the census and there are currently up to 150,000 Cossacks in military service in Russia and up to several million descendants aware of their Cossack heritage, which is now experiencing a revival, particularly in the south of Russia.

The Cossacks (Козаки́, Kozaky) of the Zaporozhian Host, who lived on the steppes of Ukraine, is another well known group of Cossacks. Their numbers increased greatly between the 15th to 17th centuries, fed by poor Ruthenian boyar-nobility, merchants and runaway peasants from Poland-Lithuania. The Zaporozhian Cossacks played an important role in European geopolitics, undergoing a series of conflicts and alliances with the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire. As a result of the Khmelnytsky Uprising in the middle of the 17th century Zaporozhian Cossacks managed to briefly create an independent state, which later became the autonomous Cossack Hetmanate, a suzerainty under protection of the Russian Tsar but ruled by the local Hetmans for half a century. Following the unsuccessful policy of Ivan Mazepa who allied himself with Charles XII of Sweden against Russia in the Great Northern War, the state declined and the Cossacks' autonomy was eventually, by the end of the 18th century, abolished.[citation needed] In the later half of the 18th century the Zaporozhian Host was dissolved by the Russian authorities. Some of Cossacks' descendants have moved to the Danube delta region and Kuban, although after 1828 most of the Danubians have moved to Russia as well, first to the Azov and later to the Kuban. Although today the Kuban Cossacks do not consider themselves Ukrainians, many historians consider their predecessors, the Dnieper Cossacks, as founders of what became a modern Ukrainian nation.

Less well-known are the Polish Cossacks (Kozacy) and the Tatar Cossacks (Nağaybäklär). The name 'Cossacks' was also given to a kind of light cavalry in the army of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.


Ukrainian Cossacks


Historical reconstructions: Andriy and young lady

300 year of Kamеnskoy of Sechi


05.05.2011 As the Cossacks walked
26.02.2010 On territory of Kamyanskoy Sechi will create a national natural park in 20 thousands of ga
09.12.2009 For the benefit of route by the «Cossack ways of Kherson»
19.11.2009 Blew wind, but it was merrily deliciously
05.10.2009 As the Cossacks went through Bryansk County
30.07.2009 Gallant golopristanskii cossack
27.07.2009 Revival of Kamyanskoy of Sechi
20.07.2009 Gathering - by «Paths of cossack glory»
17.07.2009 Kamyanska to Cut is sight of cossack Sechi
16.07.2009 The workers of oblgosadministracii will take part in toloke on Kamyanskiy of Sechi
03.07.2009 Public toloka of Kamyanskoy of Sechi
30.06.2009 Podgotovka k prazdnovaniju jubileja Kamenskoj Sechi
21.05.2009 Kamenskoy of Sechi - 300 years
23.04.2009 Confession of Kamenskoy of Sechi by the branch of national preserve «Khortica»
22.04.2009 Vozrozhdenie kazackoj Hersonshinu
19.03.2009 Sainted gornostaivskikh cossacks
18.03.2009 Ataman vseya the Cossack republic
10.02.2009 And molvin stone...
09.01.2009 Cossack wells are neglected
24.06.2000 Kozatska gull shukaє patrіotіv
3. 29.05.2015 09:57
Шановна Мирослава, поясніть, будь ласка, які саме ілюстрації на цій сторінці привернули Вашу увагу?
2. 28.05.2015 16:15
Скажіть, будь ласка, звідки взято ці ілюстрації?!Дякую.
1. 02.10.2014 14:50
[url]http://ukrcossacks.at.ua/[/url] - історія і сучасність українського козацтва.

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